Habitats in the ACJV 2017-07-27T13:41:54+00:00


Beaches, along with the accompanying dunes and shoreface environments were established after stabilization of sea level less than 7,000 years ago. The coastal dunes behind beaches and the shoreface regime seaward of the beach are [...]

Bottomland Hardwood

Bottomland hardwood forests are river swamps. They are found along rivers and streams of the southeast and south central United States, generally in broad floodplains. These ecosystems are commonly found wherever streams or rivers at [...]

Early Successional Habitat

Early successional habitat is habitat with vigorously growing grasses, forbs, shrubs and trees, which provide excellent food and cover for wildlife but need disturbance to be maintained. Examples of early successional habitats include weedy areas, [...]

Freshwater Wetlands

Freshwater wetlands are unified primarily by the fact that they are all nontidal freshwater systems dominated by grasses, sedges, and other freshwater plants. However, they differ in their geologic origins and their driving hydrologic forces, [...]

Forested Swamp

The term “forested swamp” usually refers to a wetlands system dominated by trees or other woody vegetation. A wide variety of such systems are found throughout the world. In temperate regions forested swamps can be [...]


Grasslands are areas that are dominated by grasses and other herbaceous vegetation. Trees and large shrubs are largely absent. Seasonal drought, occasional fires and grazing by large mammals all prevent woody shrubs and trees from [...]


Mangroves are an assemblage of tropical trees and shrubs that inhabit the coastal intertidal zone. A mangrove community is composed of plant species whose special adaptations allow them to survive the variable flooding and salinity [...]

Mudflats and Sand Flats

Mudflats and sand flats are important feeding grounds for wading birds such as sandpipers, oystercatchers, and plovers. In temperate climates such birds may remain year-round, but many hundreds of thousands of birds make seasonal migrations [...]

Northern Boreal Forest

Northern/boreal forest of the ACJV region is composed primarily of cone-bearing, needle-leaved, or scale-leaved evergreen trees, found in the northern portions of Maine, Vermont, and New Hampshire. The boreal forest is characterized predominantly by a [...]

Riparian Systems

Riparian systems occur along rivers and streams that periodically crest their channel confines, causing flooding. They are also in evidence in places in which a meandering channel creates new sites for plant life to take [...]


A saltmarsh, also known as a coastal salt marsh or a tidal marsh, is a coastal ecosystem in the upper coastal intertidal zone between land and open salt water or brackish water that is regularly [...]

Upland Forest

Remaining remnant tracts of upland forest contain a mix of species with dominant species changing from north to south, as well as from coastal to inland areas. In the north, mixed forests consist of oak-hickory [...]